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Altair 8800

The Altair 8800 computer is often credited with starting the personal computer revolution in 1975. Below are pictures of an Altair 8800 I restored. The system is pictured with three Altair/MITS boards installed: the 8080 CPU board, a serial I/O board (88-2SIO), and a 16K static RAM board. This is a good configuration for running Altair 8K BASIC from paper tape or cassette.

Click this text to see a video of the Altair 8800 loading 8K BASIC from cassette.

Altair 8800b

The Altair 8800b is the second generation of the Altair 8800 computer. It provided a much higher capacity power supply and a larger motherboard with more slots. The 8800b CPU board uses the same 8080 processor running at 2 MHz as in the original Altair, so performance is the same.

Click this text to see a video of Altair 8800b in use with an OP-80A paper tape reader.

Below are some pictures of an Altair 8800b I purchased through eBay and restored. The computer was damaged in shipping as can be seen in one of the photos. The board set pictured in the "Internal View" photo consists of three Altair/MITS boards (from right to left): The front panel interface board, the 8080 CPU board, and an 88-2SIO board for serial I/O. The board on the far left is an Altair FDC+ floppy controller which can also provide system RAM, as it does in this configuration.

Click this text to see details of the restoration.

Altair 8800b Foley Edition

The Foley edition is an Altair 8800b Turnkey  computer modified to incorporate one or two of the Altair Mindisk drives into the main computer chassis. It was created as a product in late 1977 to sell through the Foley’s department store chain. 

Click this text to see a video of the Altair Foley edition running Altair BASIC.

Below are some pictures of an Altair Foley computer I restored for a friend. The board set installed is typical for the Altair Foley computer: The 8080 CPU board, two 16K static RAM boards, the two-board Minidisk controller set, and the Turnkey board.

Click this text to see details of the restoration.

Altair 8 inch Floppy Drive
(Aluminum Door)

The drive pictured below is the first version of the Altair 8 inch floppy. It used an early version of the Pertec FD-400 drive with an aluminum door and handle as opposed to the more common plastic door found in later versions of the FD-400. This cabinet has a user-installed modification that makes the power LED flicker when a disk is inserted and spinning. This allows the operator to verify a disk is inserted and to be sure the motor is still spinning. Sometimes, the motors on the Pertec FD-400 drives would seize and stop spinning.

Click this text to see details of the restoration.

Altair 8 inch Floppy Drive
(Final Version)

The drive pictured below is the last version of the 8 inch drive produced. According to ex-MITS employees, this version was cancelled by Pertec before it was ever released for sale to the public. This drive has the newer 8800b style face plate, is populated with the write-protect detection and LED indicator, and uses a newer buffer board design that utilizes ribbon cables with IDC connectors instead of hand-soldered conductors. The buffer board also includes the power supply components (other than the transformers) rather than using a separate power supply board.

Click this text to see details of the restoration.

8 inch Floppy Drive
(with FD-410)

In the Altair drive cabinet pictured below, an FD-410 drive has been substitued for the original FD-400 drive. The FD-410 replaced the problematic, direct-drive, DC hub motor of the FD-400 with a 24 volt DC motor and belt driven hub. This allowed the FD-410 to serve as a drop-in replacement for the FD-400 and eliminated the lock-up problems associated with the direct-drive hub.

Click this text to see details of the restoration.

3202 Dual-Drive Cabinet

Shown below is the dual-drive 3202 cabinet made during the Pertec era of MITS. It provides two Altair compatible 8 inch drives in a single cabinet. The 3202 was typically outfitted with two Pertec FD510 drives (A/C motor) instead of the direct-drive DC motor of the FD-400 drives found in the single drive cabinets.

The front panel of this unit has the tan/brown iCOM color scheme instead of Altair blue/black. It came without a cover, so I had a simple sheet metal cover made and painted it Altair blue. The original Altair cover is larger and extends beyond the edges of the front panel.

Click this text to see details of the restoration.

Altair Minidisk
(5.25 inch Floppy)

The Altair Minidisk was the 5.25 inch offering from MITS. This was a first generation 5.25 inch drive – single sided, single density with 35 tracks. Total capacity was about 70K (compared to 308K for the 8 inch drive). Altair BASIC and Altair DOS were available for the minidisk. A hard sector controller very similar to the 8 inch controller was used for the minidisk.

Click this text to see a quick video of the Altair Minidisk in use.

Below are some pictures of an Altair Minidisk drive I restored.


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Mike Douglas


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